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Collection Summary

Collection Title
Archaeology Collection
The archaeological artefacts originate mainly from Europe, the Mediterranean basin, and the Ancient Near East with small collections, particularly prehistoric, from other parts of the African continent and from Asia. There is also material excavated in Jerusalem 1961-1967 by Dr Dame Kathleen Kenyon (on loan from the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem) and material excavated at Tell Iktanu by Dr Kay Prag in 1987-1990 (on loan from the British Institute at Amman). Objects within the collection as a whole date from the Palaeolithic to late/post-medieval and include a total of 48,550 items. These comprise 13,000 stone implements (including Egypt), 2,000 stone objects, 2,500 items of metalwork, 600 items of human and animal skeletal material and other organic material, 250 items of jewellery and carved gems, 500 items of Roman glass, 250 inscribed clay tablets (cuneiform) and 400 terracotta figurines (Cypriot, Greek and Roman). The pottery collections are the largest group and comprise the following: 5,000 Western Asiatic, 500 Cyprus, 1,200 Greek world, 1,000 Italy and Roman Empire (excluding Britain), 15,000 Roman and post-Roman Britain, 250 Prehistoric European and 400 Medieval European.

The archaeology department also holds a discrete collection of Wedgwood pottery bequeathed by Jesse Haworth in 1920. There are also 6,500 photographs and lantern slides including a large gift of several thousand old lantern slides from the Manchester Geographical Society in the 1970s and the recently acquired Allegro archive of around 1500 photographs and transparencies relating to the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Of most significance are the collections from the excavations of Flinders Petrie, Kathleen Kenyon and others in Palestine, Cypriot material excavated by the British Museum and the Universities of Sydney and Edinburgh, the Sharp Ogden collection of Mediterranean, Medieval and other antiquities and parts of the Wellcome Collection (Classical and Etruscan antiquities etc). The museum also holds a nationally and internationally significance collection of 14,060 Egyptian artefacts covering 4,000 years, from Predynastic to the Graeco-Roman period. The collection comprises 1960 items of organic material, 350 items of animal and human bone, 1,400 pieces of metalwork, 3,700 stone objects, 6,000 items of pottery, 500 glass artefacts and 150 examples of linen/cloth. There is also a collection of Egyptian stelae and false door on loan from the Wellcome Trust. The first collections were presented to the museum in 1890 by Jesse Haworth and Martyn Kennard, who had provided funding support for excavations by William Flinders Petrie at Kahun, Illahun and Gurob. Further groups were acquired on a similar basis between 1891-96 from sites at Nagada, Hawara, Medum and a significant and rare group of objects from Amarna. The collections grew through regular gifts from societies and institutions such as the Egypt Exploration Fund, the Egypt Research Account, the British School of Archaeology in Egypt and the Liverpool School of Archaeology. Recent material has been added from excavations by Platt, Sharp Ogden and Robinow from sites including Saqqara and Amarna. There is also an important group of Egyptian stelae and other artefacts from the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.
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Location Details

University Of Manchester, Manchester Museum
University of Manchester Oxford Road Manchester M13 9PL
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0161 275 2634
0161 275 2676 
Collections Overview
The Manchester Museum's rich and diverse collections cover themes of archaeology, Egyptology, ethnography, botany, entomology, zoology, geology and numismatics and are an internationally importance resource for education and research. They have been acquired from excavation and fieldwork around the world, a tradition that is continued today, particularly by the University members. The natural science collections contain many scientifically important type specimens. The museum holds over 1 million botanical specimens, 3 million insects (the third largest collection in the U.K.), nearly half a million invertebrate specimens (mainly shells) and also birds, mammals and other vertebrates. The geology collections date mainly from the 19th century and are the 6th largest in the U.K., with a quarter of a million fossil specimens and also important rock and mineral specimens. The Egyptian collection is of national and international significance and contains over 14,000 artefacts covering 4,000 years, from Predynastic to the Graeco-Roman period. The 48,550 archaeological artefacts originate mainly from Europe, the Mediterranean basin, and the Ancient Near East and include material excavated by Flinders Petrie. The numismatics collection is one of the most significant in the UK and contains nearly 62,000 items, including an important Greek and Roman series. The collections of Ethnography and Weaponry (The Simon Archery Collection) also feature a worldwide range of artefacts. Thw whole colleciton is Designated
Display Overview
Permanent displays feature all aspects of the collections. In association is the Cannon Aquarium & Vivarium, which houses reptiles, amphibians and fish. It is intended primarily as an educational resource and is also involved in conservation projects for endangered species such as captive breeding programmes.
Star Objects
Natural sciences (insects, shells, birds plants and fossils), Egyptology and Archaeology
For details of other collections held at the same location: See the location record

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